Madrid Trademark – US Office Action: How to respond [66(a)]

US Office Action in Madrid Protocol Trademark Application Madrid Protocol trademark applications that enter the US through Section 66(a) will often encounter several issues. There may be substantive refusals and non-substantive issues. Substantive rejections may include a likelihood of confusion or merely descriptive refusal, or both. Non-substantive issues typically do not require an extensive response. […]

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What is PPH (Patent Prosecution Highway)?

What is PPH? PPH stands for Patent Prosecution Highway, which is a cooperative program between the USPTO and participating foreign patent offices to expedite the allowance of patent applications that previously received favorable rulings. Two key acronyms are helpful here: OEE refers to the Office of Earlier Examination and OLE refers to the Office of Later […]

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What is an Intent-To-Use (ITU) trademark application?

What is an ITU application? An Intent-To-Use trademark application (ITU application) allows an applicant to apply for a trademark that has not yet been used in commerce. Use in commerce refers to the usage of your trademark in connection with selling or offering the relevant goods or services. After the initial filing, the applicant must […]

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