What is new matter?

What is the meaning of new matter in patent applications? New matter in a patent application typically refers to something recited in the claims that is not supported by the specification. It can also refer to a description that an applicant tries to add to the specification that goes beyond the scope of the original […]

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What is a preferred embodiment?

What are preferred embodiments? In any other context besides patents, “preferred embodiment” would sound quite strange. Yet, the term is used so commonly and frequently in utility patents that the inexperienced reader might be tempted to gloss it without understanding its meaning. Why does a specification have to repeat it 75 times? What exactly is […]

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What are claim amendments?

What are patent claim amendments? Claim amendments are a natural part of the utility patent process. A typical utility nonprovisional patent application will receive at least one Office Action rejecting the claims. It is highly likely that your Office Action response will contain a combination of claim amendments and arguments in order to overcome the […]

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Do you need a prototype before filing a patent?

Do you need a prototype before a patent is filed? No, you do not need to build a working prototype before filing a patent application. However, it helps to think through all the details of what it would take to build your product. Describing your invention in writing with as much detail as possible will […]

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What is nonobvious?

What does “obvious” mean in patent language? The everyday colloquial use of the term “obvious” is so simple that it can be hard to define. Both dictionary.com and Merriam-Webster share a common definition of easily seen or understood. You can say that obviousness refers to something that is evident or recognizable. In the patent world, […]

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Should you file a design patent or utility patent?

Design patent or utility patent? One of the most common questions we get from startup entrepreneurs is whether they should file a design patent or utility patent. While every concept is different, certain general guidelines can help you choose the right patent application. Technical differences between utility and design patents have been discussed here. With […]

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What is a patent rejection?

Has your utility patent application been rejected? If so, welcome to the club. Approximately 90% of utility patent applications will get rejected. Utility applications often receive multiple patent rejections. So do not be disappointed. Rejections are the norm for utility patents. This article will help clarify a patent rejection so that you can form an […]

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What is a utility model?

What is the difference between a utility model and a utility patent? A utility model is a type of instant intellectual property right that is somewhat similar to a utility patent. While it is unavailable in the US, this alternative patent right is offered in many countries outside the US. This option would only help […]

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