What is acquired distinctiveness (secondary meaning)?

What is a trademark with acquired distinctiveness? Some trademarks are inherently distinctive from the start and others are not. Inherently distinctive marks generally include marks that are arbitrary (meaning of mark has no relation to goods/services) or fanciful (made up word) or suggestive (meaning of mark suggest a feature of goods/services). Marks that are descriptive […]

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What are substantive vs. non-substantive trademark Office Actions?

What is a non-substantive trademark Office Action? Non-substantive trademark Office Actions are letters issued by USPTO examining attorneys that do not necessarily refuse registration of the mark. Such Office Actions typically do not require significant legal research or argument. For example, any of the following reasons may lead to a non-substantive Office Action (what I […]

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